'Discover Spanish' Lesson and the Past Participle

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The Past Participle

In this Spanish lesson we will learn the Past Participle and its diverse makes use of. Even though this lesson is truly briefer than past lessons, the Past Participle is really important if you want to learn how to speak Spanish. chicken coop buy Its formation is quite basic. As in English, the Past Participle in Spanish is a central element in most topics of discussion.

In general, the Past Participle is greatest understood as having 4 distinct utilizes that include past and present actions, and adjectives. Although this range in usage appears broad, understanding each and every distinct use can small chicken coops be learned and applied rather easily with practice.

The Past Participle is rather easy to form. For -ar verbs, an -ado is added to the verb's stem.

For example:

The stem of the verb hablar (to speak) is habl. With this in thoughts, an -ado is added to habl to form the Past Participle for hablar: hablado.

The formation of the Past Participle for -er and -ir verbs parallel this pattern. However, an -ido is added to the er or ir verb's stem.

For example:

In the case of the verb beber (to drink), its stem is beb. An -ido is then added to beb to form its Past Participle: bebido.

Similarly, to form the Past Participle for salir (to go out) an -ido is added to its stem, sal. Its Past Participle is: salido.

With the Past Participle's simple format in thoughts, what follows are examples of it for each regular and irregular verbs:

Examples of the Standard Past Participle:

Infinitive Past Participle

estar (to be) estado

bailar (to dance) bailado

cenar (to eat supper) cenado

almorzar (to consume lunch) almorzado

desayunar (to eat breakfast) desayunado

limpiar (to clean) limpiado

dar (to give) dado

llorar (to cry) llorado

lloviznar (to drizzle) lloviznado

tener (to have) tenido

creer (to think) creido

leer (to read) leido

querer (to want, to adore) querido

partir (to leave) partido

ir (to go) ido

vivir (to reside) vivido

dormir (to sleep) dormido

Examples of the Irregular Past Participle:

Infinitive Past Participle

poner (to put) puesto

ver (to see) visto

volver (to return) vuelto

resolver (to resolve) resuelto

escribir (to write) escrito

abrir (to open) abierto

hacer (to make) hecho

satisfacer (to satisfy) satisfecho

morir (to die) muerto

decir (to say) dicho

cubrir (to cover) cubierto

The 4 primary makes use of of the Past Participle are as follows:

1. The Past Participle is usually used in compound tenses with the auxiliary verb haber (to have). We have observed this use in the Lesson on the Present Perfect Tense. In the Present Perfect Tense the past participle of the sentence's major verb is added to haber to express a past action that has not fully elapsed.

Let's briefly assessment this use:

Juana ha estado en su cuarto todo el da.

(Juana has been in her space all day)

He querido ir a California.

(I have wanted to go to California.)

Mario ha vivido en Bogot.

(Mario has lived in Bogot.)

2. The Past Participle is utilised for the passive voice and typically follows the verbs ser or estar (to be). When the Past Participle reflects the passive voice, it ought to agree with the subject's gender and quantity.

For instance:

El pap de Diego est herido.

(Diego's father is hurt.)

La hermana de Rogelio est cansada.

(Rogelio's sister is tired.)

three. At instances, the verbs llevar and tener are utilised instead of the verb haber in compound tenses (as in the Present Perfect Tense). When this happens, the Past Participle need to agree with the attribute's gender and quantity. Even though this use could seem awkward, believe of it as forming an option expression for indefinite past actions.

For example:

Tengo hecha la comida.

(I have made the food.)

Juan lleva pagada la cuenta.

(Juan has paid the examine.)

4. The Past Participle can also be utilised as an adjective. Keep in mind that for this use, the Past Participle acts as an adjective and should agree in gender and quantity with the noun.

For instance:

Un vestido hecho a mano

(A dress made by hand)

Un hombre educado

(An educated man)

Un beb mimado

(A spoiled infant)

Now lets attempt a handful of workouts. Translate the following into Spanish. The answers comply with the workout.

1. An opened door

2. A cleaned space

3. We have spoken.

four. Juan has cooked.

five. A cooked chicken

6. Roberta's brother is tired.

7. Juana's mother is educated.

8. Marcos has created the dessert.

9. She has opened the door.

10. Have you seen Milagros?

1. Una puerta abierta

2. Un cuarto limpiado

three. Hemos hablado.

4. Juan ha cocinado.

five. Un pollo cocinado

6. El hermano de Roberta est cansado.

7. La madre de Juana es educada.

8. Marcos tiene hecho online secure ftp hosting el postre.

9. Ella ha abierto la puerta.

ten. Has visto a Milagros?

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